Liver disease is one of the few major causes of premature mortality that is increasing in England (including Gateshead). Major causes include obesity, undiagnosed hepatitis infection and harmful alcohol use.
Mortality (in people under 75 years of age) from liver disease is higher in Gateshead than in England overall. Between 2015 and 2017 there were 142 deaths from liver disease among people living in Gateshead, and the trend is increasing [Chart - U75 mortality from liver disease]. In recent years, much of the increase is attributable to a sharp rise in deaths of women. For example, in 2005-07 there were just 10 female deaths per 100,000 due to liver disease. However, this doubled to 20 per 100,000 in 2015-17, whilst the number of male deaths has only increased from 33 to 34 per 100,000 over the same period.
Of the 142 deaths due to liver disease in people aged under 75 between 2015 and 2017, 127 were considered to be preventable. The trend in preventable deaths has been increasing in recent years, which is illustrated by the 32 fewer deaths (95) recorded in 2005-07. As a rate, the 127 deaths equate to 23.6 per 100,000. This is significantly higher than the England average of 16.3, and just above the North East average of 22.2. [Chart - U75 mortality from liver disease considered preventable]. As with the overall number of deaths due to liver disease, the number of deaths considered to be preventable is largely driven by an increase in deaths of women. At 17.3 per 100,000, the rate of preventable deaths due to liver disease in women is the 17th highest in the country and is significantly higher than the England average of 11.1.
In common with almost all other North East districts, hospital admissions for alcoholic liver disease in Gateshead are significantly higher than in England overall [Chart - Alcoholic liver disease hospital admissions].
In the Gateshead population in 2013/14, there were over 1000 hospital admissions where the primary diagnosis was liver disease.
 Alcohol Cancer - Statistics on alcohol (alcoholconcern.org.uk website)
 Under 75 mortality from liver disease - all and preventable, ONS, 2015-17 (PHOF website)
 NHS Digital, Hospital admissions for alcoholic liver disease condition, 2016/17 (Local Alcohol Profiles for England website)
 NECS Provider data, 2014