Liver disease is one of the few major causes of premature mortality that is increasing in England (including Gateshead). Major causes include obesity, undiagnosed hepatitis infection and harmful alcohol use.
Mortality (in people under 75 years of age) from liver disease is higher in Gateshead than in England overall. Between 2016 and 2018 there were 142 deaths from liver disease among people living in Gateshead. The trend has been increasing over the last 15 years, although in recent years, the rate has levelled off [Chart - U75 mortality from liver disease]. In recent years, much of the increase is attributable to a sharp rise in deaths of women. For example, in 2005-07 there were just 10 female deaths per 100,000 due to liver disease. However, this doubled to 20 per 100,000 in 2016-18, whilst the number of male deaths has remanied the same at 33 per 100,000 over the same period.
Of the 142 deaths due to liver disease in people aged under 75 between 2016 and 2018, 123 were considered to be preventable. The trend in preventable deaths has been increasing in recent years, which is illustrated by the 28 fewer deaths (95) recorded in 2005-07. As a rate, the 123 deaths equate to 23 per 100,000. This is significantly higher than the England average of 16, and the same as the North East average of 23 [Chart - U75 mortality from liver disease considered preventable].
In common with many other North East districts, hospital admissions for alcoholic liver disease in Gateshead are significantly higher than in England overall [Chart - Alcoholic liver disease hospital admissions].
In the Gateshead population in 2013/14, there were over 1000 hospital admissions where the primary diagnosis was liver disease.
 Alcohol Cancer - Statistics on alcohol (alcoholconcern.org.uk website)
 Under 75 mortality from liver disease - all and preventable, ONS, 2016-18 (PHOF website and Mortality Profile website)
 NHS Digital, Hospital admissions for alcoholic liver disease condition, 2018/19 (Local Alcohol Profiles for England website)
 NECS Provider data, 2014