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inequalityHealthy life expectancy is 59.1 for men [Chart - Male healthy life expectancy] and 60.6 for women [Chart - Female healthy life expectancy].[1] Healthy life expectancy for men in Gateshead is about 4 years less than across England as a whole and for women it is about 3 years less. Compared to the North East, healthy life expectancy for men in Gateshead is about half a year less, but for women it is exactly the same as the North East average.

Healthy life expectancy for men living in Felling is 14.9 years less than for men living in Whickham South and Sunniside. Similarly, healthy life expectancy for women living in Felling is 14.2 years less than for women living in Whickham South and Sunniside.[2]

Life expectancy in Gateshead is currently 77.5 years for men [Chart - Male life expectancy] and 81.3 years for women [Chart - Female life expectancy].[3] This is the first year in recent history that life expectancy has decreased for either men or women and both continue to be below the England average. The gap with England over the last 10 years has been fairly constant, although there are indications that the gap for women has widened over the last couple of years. The gap currently stands at 2.0 years lower for men and 1.8 years lower for women.

Life Expectancy Male and Female

The Life Expectancy Gap Segment Tool shows that the biggest cause of deaths that explains the reason for the gap between Gateshead and England is cancer.[4] For men, 27% of these deaths are due to cancer, 27% to circulatory diseases, and 17% to digestive. For women 32% are due to cancer, 20% to respiratory, and 16% to digestive diseases.

Life Expectancy Gap Causes of Deaths - Gateshead to England

In Gateshead, life expectancy for men is 9.6 years less in the most deprived compared to the least deprived areas (deciles); for women, the difference is 8.8 years [Chart - Slope index of inequality in male life expectancy Chart - Slope index of inequality in female life expectancy].[5] For both men and women the gap in life expectancy between people living in the most deprived and the least deprived areas had been gradually increasing over time, however this is the first of the five time points available in which the gap for men reduced.

Life expectancy for men living in Bridges is 9.4 years less than for men living in Whickham South and Sunniside [Map - Ward male life expectancy]. Women living in High Fell will live for 8.0 fewer years than women living in Whickham South and Sunniside [Map - Ward female life expectancy].[6]

The change in the most common causes of death for men and women over the last 100 years are shown in the chart below. An interactive version of the chart and further information is available on the ONS website [Chart - Changes in the most common causes of death].[7]

Most Common Causes of Death 1915 to 2015

babyBetween 2014 and 2016 there were 27 infant deaths (aged under 1) or 4.0 per 1,000 live births compared with the England average of 3.9 [Chart - Infant mortality rates].[8]

Between 2014 and 2016 there were 11 child deaths (aged 1 - 17) or 10.0 per 100,000 population (DSR or Directly Standardised Rate - this removes any difference due to age so that Gateshead is comparable with other areas) compared with the England average of 11.6 (this is not significantly different) [Chart - Child mortality rates].[9]


[1] Mortality, MYE data and Annual Population Survey, ONS 2014-16 (PHOF website)

[2] Health State Life Expectancy at Birth, ONS 2009-13 (ONS website)

[3] Mortality and MYE data, ONS 2014-16 (PHOF website)

[4] Life Expectancy Gap Segment Tool, PHE 2012-14 [updated May 2016] (PHE Segment Tool website)

[5] Slope Index of Inequality Mortality and MYE data, DCLG IMD 2015, ONS 2014-16 (PHOF website)

[6] Mortality and MYE data, ONS 2011-15 (Local Health website)

[7] ONS 20th and 21st century mortality files, 2015 (ONS website)

[8] Infant Mortality, ONS, 2014-16 (Public Health Outcomes Framework website)

[9] Child Mortality, ONS, 2014-16 (Child and Maternal Health website)

Last modified on 28th June 2018

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