Local Index of Need (LIoN)

LIoN brings together data for 39 indicators and combines them to identify overall and thematic need across all areas of Gateshead. 

View LIoN using the map app:

View the LIoN App

Indicators and themes

The indicators are all collected, analysed and presented at Lower Layer Super Output Area level, which on average contain around 750 households and around 1,500 people. There are 126 of these areas covering the entire borough of Gateshead.

The indicators are weighted and grouped into six themes. Each theme contributes towards the Overall Index of Need as follows:

  • 35% Income and Poverty
  • 10% Education and Skills
  • 15% Children and Families
  • 20% Health, Care and Wellbeing
  • 10% Crime and Disorder
  • 10% Housing, Environment and Transport

How to use the LIoN map app

The app works like any other interactive map, allowing you to zoom, scroll, and switch layers on and off.

LIoN ImageThe app, shows the Overall Local Index of Need on the map. A red to green colour scale shows the level of need in bands from the 10% most in need to the 50% least in need. The level of need in each area is relative to all 126 areas across Gateshead. This means that there will always be the same number of areas within each of the bands, although which areas they are may change.

Once you select an area of interest from the Overall Index of Need, you can begin to explore the area's level of need by each of the six themes. In the menu on the right-hand side of the Map App, within the first tab, you can select any of the themes to display them on the map.

You can explore the individual indicators that make up that theme by selecting the thematic tab in the menu, then display an indicator.

Click an area on the map to bring up a profile of that area's population including age, ethnicity and housing tenure. View data tables for each theme by using the tabs along the top of the box. At the bottom of the data tables, click on the 'More info' links to view data descriptions, time period and source.

To aid your understanding of an area, at the bottom right of the map app, you can select;

  • The Gateshead Housing Company (TGHC) properties layer 
  • Aerial photographs  
  • Ward and Lower Layer Super Output Area (LSOA) boundaries.

Limitations of the LIoN app

The indicators are all at the LSOA level. The Office for National Statistics created the LSOA boundaries as a geography that would be stable over time. They are statistically comparable in population and household size. 

To achieve the size thresholds for these areas, some have been stretched beyond what would be deemed a natural neighbourhood. For example, including parts of communities from either side of the A1 dual carriageway, or grouping estates that are at different levels of poverty and need.

Many indicators are available at LSOA level but there are still many that are not. For example, a current understanding of who is in employment is not available at that geographical level.

In view of these limitations, it is important that before intervening, you get a better view of the area. This should include further contextual information and local knowledge.

Last modified on 5th August 2019

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