Headline data

National Statistics1 show that, in 2017, the UK received 26,350 asylum applications from main applicants (33,152 including dependents, of whom many were children of 17 years and under). This was an 8% decrease on the previous year. The UK ranked 5th in the EU28 for number of asylum applications received, and 15th in terms of asylum applicants per head of resident population.2

In 2017 the top 10 countries of origin for asylum claims made in the UK were 1) Iran 2) Pakistan 3) Iraq 4) Bangladesh 5) Sudan 6) Albania 7) Afghanistan 8) Eritrea 9) Nigeria 10) Sri Lanka3

bmeAt end of March 2018, for the North East this was, by country of origin, 1) Iraq 2) Iran 3) Pakistan 4) Nigeria 5) Afghanistan 6) Albania 7) Sudan 8) Eritrea 9) Sri Lanka 10) Libya and by region of the world 1) Middle East 2) Sub-Saharan Africa 3) South Asia 4) North Africa 5) Europe (non EU).4

At January 2018, 152 of the UK's 429 Local Authorities were participating in Dispersal, including 11 of the North East region's 12 Local Authorities. At the end of March 2018, the national dispersal population was 39,132, with 3,853 being housed in the North East.5 This is an increase on 2016 Q1 3,160 and 2017 Q1 3,105.

In the year ending March 2018, nationally, there were 6,865 grants of asylum to main applicants and dependants (down 17% on the previous year). There were also 1,541 grants of alternative form of protection to main applicants and their dependants (up 16%). Together this meant that 27% of determined asylum claims were granted, though grant rates vary considerably between nationalities. This compares to 30% in the previous year. Additionally, 5,874 Family reunion visas were issued to partners and children of those granted asylum or humanitarian protection in the UK, a 2% increase since last year. Of these, 2,883 (49%) were issued to children.6 There is no tracking data kept or statistics as to how many refugees live in the North East, or where they reside. Refugees can choose where to live, although in relation to social housing, they may only have local connection to the area where they were dispersed to.

In the year to March 2018, 36% of appeals determined were allowed. For the previous year this was 38%. In 2016, 70% of refusals were appealed, with 31% being successful. When successful appeals are taken into account, around 49% of asylum applicants end up with some form of leave to remain in the UK. In 2017 there were 2,301 voluntary returns and 2,541 enforced removals from the UK relating to asylum cases.7

childfemaleIn the year ending March 2018, there were 2,307 asylum applications made in the UK by unaccompanied asylum-seeking children (UASC), a 25% decrease compared to the previous year, falling after two consecutively high years.8 Applications from Sudanese and Eritrean nationals together account for over 30% of all UASC applications, followed by Vietnamese nationals (11%) and Iraqi nationals (11%). UASC receive assistance from the Local Authority as children in need under the Children's Act 1989. 89% of applicants were male, and 71% of all applicants were aged between 16 and 17.9

At February 2018, 36 UASC were hosted across the 6 North East Local Authorities participating in the NTS. All were 16 to 17 year olds. UASC may also arrive into an area spontaneously, and will be looked after by the relevant Local Authority. Of the 2,218 initial decisions relating to UASC made by the Home Office in the year ending March 2018, 1,245 (56%) were grants of asylum or another form of protection, and an additional 374 (17%) were UASC leave, which is granted to UASCs refused asylum, but eligible for temporary leave.

In the year to March 2018, 5,760 people were provided with protection under a resettlement scheme (down 9% on the previous year).10 The Vulnerable Persons Resettlement Scheme (VPRS) is one of the 4 schemes operated by the Home Office. People accepted by the UK under this scheme arrive into the UK with 5 year's Leave to Remain already granted - so arrive as 'Refugees'. Since the scheme began, 11,649 refugees have been settled across the UK, 50% of them being children. At March 2018, 907 resettled refugees were being hosted across the 8 North East Local Authorities participating in VPRS.11

In summary, in the year to March 2018, there were a total of 14,166 grants of asylum, alternative forms of protection and resettlement made in the UK, down 11% on the previous year. Of these, 5,953 (42%) were children under 18 years old.12

At March 2018 there were 476 asylum seekers housed in Gateshead under the COMPASS contract.5 This is an increase on 2016 Q1 284 and 2017 Q1 348.

To March 2018, 233 refugees have been resettled by Gateshead Council under the Syrian Vulnerable Persons Resettlement Scheme (SVPRS).11 All are family units.


1 Home Office, National Statistics, Asylum data table as_01_q, 24 May 2018 (GOV.uk website https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/immigration-statistics-year-ending-march-2018/list-of-tables)

2 Home Office, National Statistics, Asylum data table as_07 (GOV.uk website https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/immigration-statistics-year-ending-march-2018/list-of-tables)

3 Home Office, National Statistics, Asylum data table as_01 (GOV.uk website https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/immigration-statistics-year-ending-march-2018/summary-of-latest-statistics)

4 Home Office, National Statistics, Asylum data table volume 4 as_17_q (GOV.uk website https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/immigration-statistics-year-ending-march-2018/list-of-tables)

5 Home Office, National Statistics, Asylum data table volume 4 as_16_q (GOV.uk website https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/immigration-statistics-year-ending-march-2018/list-of-tables)

6 Home Office, National Statistics, Summary of latest statistics (GOV.uk website https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/immigration-statistics-year-ending-march-2018/summary-of-latest-statistics)

7 Home Office, National Statistics, Returns data table vol 1 rt_01 (GOV.uk website https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/immigration-statistics-year-ending-march-2018/list-of-tables)

8 Home Office, National Statistics, Unaccompanied asylum seeking children (GOV.uk website https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/immigration-statistics-year-ending-march-2018/how-many-people-do-we-grant-asylum-or-protection-to#unaccompanied-asylum-seeking-children)

9 Home Office, National Statistics, Asylum data table volume 3 table as_08 and as_08_q (GOV.uk website https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/immigration-statistics-year-ending-march-2018/list-of-tables)

10 Home Office, National Statistics, Summary of latest statistics (GOV.uk website https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/immigration-statistics-year-ending-march-2018/summary-of-latest-statistics)

11 Home Office, National Statistics, Asylum data table volume 4 table as_20_q (GOV.uk website https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/immigration-statistics-year-ending-march-2018/list-of-tables)

12 Home Office, National Statistics, Summary of latest statistics (GOV.uk website https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/immigration-statistics-year-ending-march-2018/summary-of-latest-statistics)

Last modified on 20th December 2018

Share this page

Facebook icon Twitter icon email icon

Print

print icon